Why domesticated dogs dont follow wolf behavior

Why domesticated dogs dont follow wolf behavior

Why we shouldn't base training on wolf behavior


As a result of continued domestication dogs have undergone considerable behavioral changes

from the wolf, and in many cases have retained the juvenile traits. Examples of this include; the

majority of dog breeds have floopy ears and short snouts, which are only found in wolf pups.

Exceptions to this are dog breeds such as Huskies and Shepherd type dogs. These breeds are

the most closely linked to the wolf. Another example is the size of the wolf’s head which is much

larger in comparison to their body size than dogs. This is because wolves have larger brains and

are also more intelligent. Wolves also have chests and hips which are so narrow, and alsp have

very long legs and large paws, which allows them to run great distances at very high speeds. In

comparison to dogs, which have very wide hips and chests, and shorter legs in which is the

reason dog’s backs tend to bob up and down when they run. Mission Wolf 2016 [15]

The wolf is natural hunter and have teeth which are designed for hunting, wolves have stronger

molars than dogs which enables them to crush large bones. Wolves could also prey on young

children, Dogs, on the other hand, are very friendly and playful children. It has also been

documented that feral dogs have been known to kill small children and attack adults.

Most domestic dogs sexually mature by the age of 6 – 12 months, although larger breeds do take

a little longer. Wolves reach sexual maturity after 2 – 3 years, which is when they leave the pack in

search of a mate. Female wolves only come into season once a year, whereas the majority of dog

breeds come into season twice a year. Only the alpha female is allowed to breed, in comparison

to dogs which have no such heirarchy. Diffen 2013 [16]

There is a big difference in the mental state of a dog to a wolf, dog’s only develop to a mental

stage of a 10 to 30 day old wolf puppy. This means that mentally dog’s never become adults,

which allows humans to be able to tell a dog what to do because dogs want to please us. Thi lack

of mental maturity also makes dogs more aggressive than wolves, since aggressiveness is many

baby animals natural defence. Wolves reach maturity at 2 – 3 years, and up unti lthis point their

minds are very much like that of a dog. When wolves do reach maturity they become very

indepentent, and possiveness of anything that is edible. Mission Wolf 2016 [17]

Some distinct differences in behaviour is that the dogs ability to alarm bark and scent mark.

Wolves do perform these behaviors, but less frequently. The dogs excessive need to urinary

scent distinguishes them from wolves. This appears to be an excessive way to communicate,

although the exact cause is unknown.

Other behavioral differences include the display of aggressive behavioral patterns between the

species. It has been noted that wovles tat reach sexual and social maturity tend to compete more

aggressively for social status. Fighting styles differ aswell, dog’s tend to limit their attacks to the

head, neck and shoulders, whereas wolves tend to use body blocks which renders the opponent

into a more vulnerable position.

Wolves also tend to form social bonds with humans in the absence of adult conspecifics and fear.

Whereas, dogs form attachments to humans easily, actually preferring human contact rather than

conspecifics when given a choice. The reduced flight tendency resulting in tameness and

acquired through domestication has aided in creating stong motivation to seek social contact with

humans. Kesling J D 2005 [18]

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I have completed an Advanced Diploma in Canine Behavior Management with merit and a Foundation Diploma in Canine Behavior Management with Compass Education with distinction, I am also working towards becoming an accredited dog trainer with the Kennel Club. My previous experience with working with dogs is limited to reactive dogs, and the kennel club good citizen dog scheme. My company offer one on one behavioral consultations and specialist training