As a result of continued domestication dogs have undergone considerable behavioral changes
from the wolf, and in many cases have retained the juvenile traits. Examples of this include; the
majority of dog breeds have floopy ears and short snouts, which are only found in wolf pups.
Exceptions to this are dog breeds such as Huskies and Shepherd type dogs. These breeds are
the most closely linked to the wolf. Another example is the size of the wolf’s head which is much
larger in comparison to their body size than dogs. This is because wolves have larger brains and
are also more intelligent. Wolves also have chests and hips which are so narrow, and alsp have
very long legs and large paws, which allows them to run great distances at very high speeds. In
comparison to dogs, which have very wide hips and chests, and shorter legs in which is the
reason dog’s backs tend to bob up and down when they run. Mission Wolf 2016 
The wolf is natural hunter and have teeth which are designed for hunting, wolves have stronger
molars than dogs which enables them to crush large bones. Wolves could also prey on young
children, Dogs, on the other hand, are very friendly and playful children. It has also been
documented that feral dogs have been known to kill small children and attack adults.
Most domestic dogs sexually mature by the age of 6 – 12 months, although larger breeds do take
a little longer. Wolves reach sexual maturity after 2 – 3 years, which is when they leave the pack in
search of a mate. Female wolves only come into season once a year, whereas the majority of dog
breeds come into season twice a year. Only the alpha female is allowed to breed, in comparison
to dogs which have no such heirarchy. Diffen 2013 
There is a big difference in the mental state of a dog to a wolf, dog’s only develop to a mental
stage of a 10 to 30 day old wolf puppy. This means that mentally dog’s never become adults,
which allows humans to be able to tell a dog what to do because dogs want to please us. Thi lack
of mental maturity also makes dogs more aggressive than wolves, since aggressiveness is many
baby animals natural defence. Wolves reach maturity at 2 – 3 years, and up unti lthis point their
minds are very much like that of a dog. When wolves do reach maturity they become very
indepentent, and possiveness of anything that is edible. Mission Wolf 2016 
Some distinct differences in behaviour is that the dogs ability to alarm bark and scent mark.
Wolves do perform these behaviors, but less frequently. The dogs excessive need to urinary
scent distinguishes them from wolves. This appears to be an excessive way to communicate,
although the exact cause is unknown.
Other behavioral differences include the display of aggressive behavioral patterns between the
species. It has been noted that wovles tat reach sexual and social maturity tend to compete more
aggressively for social status. Fighting styles differ aswell, dog’s tend to limit their attacks to the
head, neck and shoulders, whereas wolves tend to use body blocks which renders the opponent
into a more vulnerable position.
Wolves also tend to form social bonds with humans in the absence of adult conspecifics and fear.
Whereas, dogs form attachments to humans easily, actually preferring human contact rather than
conspecifics when given a choice. The reduced flight tendency resulting in tameness and
acquired through domestication has aided in creating stong motivation to seek social contact with
humans. Kesling J D 2005